Sainte-Marie Island is an enchanting island on the northwest coast of Madagascar whose name, in local language, is Nosy Boraha. In addition to being a true jewel nestled in the turquoise waters of the Indian Ocean, its name is associated with the history of piracy, during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
In 1640, there was a first French attempt to create a new colony on the island, immediately curbed by strong tropical fevers that killed most of the pioneers.
Later, it is its strategic maritime position that will make the island a privileged port by various pirates and filibusters, with the aim of plundering ships and merchant fleets returning from the East Indies.
Thus the island, for a short time, was populated by several buccaneers, thus becoming haunt of international pirates (English, French, Portuguese, Americans), among which the famous William Kidd, John Avery and Olivier Le Vasseur "La Buse". The latter settled on the island and were fully integrated into the local population, giving rise to an ethnic group of mixed blood.
Some vestiges of this period are still present in the Pirates cemetery, located on a small island called the island of the Forbans, which has become a tourist attraction.